Bioclimatic design is the architectural design of a building that takes into account from the outset the local climate of an area, so as to provide thermal and visual comfort to the building with the least possible energy consumption throughout the year. An important element of bioclimatic design is the utilization of available environmental sources (sun, air, water, soil) by incorporating passive systems for the purposes of heating, cooling, lighting and ventilation of buildings.
Passive systems are integral parts of the building that naturally cool and heat the buildings. That is, they operate without mechanical equipment and without requiring additional power supply. Separated in: