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Bioclimatic design is the architectural design of a building that takes into account from the outset the local climate of an area, so as to provide thermal and visual comfort to the building with the least possible energy consumption throughout the year. An important element of bioclimatic design is the utilization of available environmental sources (sun, air, water, soil) by incorporating passive systems for the purposes of heating, cooling, lighting and ventilation of buildings.

Passive systems are integral parts of the building that naturally cool and heat the buildings. That is, they operate without mechanical equipment and without requiring additional power supply. Separated in:

  1. Passive solar heating systems.
  2. Passive systems and natural cooling techniques.
  3. Natural cooling systems and techniques.

Some of the key principles of bioclimatic building design are:

  1. Thermal protection of buildings, using techniques of thermal insulation and air-tightening of openings (doors, windows) of the building.
  2. Orientation of the premises of the building and especially the openings, in order to ensure winter heating of the buildings and lighting using solar radiation (southern orientation).
  3. The protection from the summer sun by applying shading systems.
  4. The heat removal and cooling of the building in the summer naturally.
  5. Ensuring adequate natural lighting and smooth distribution of light within the building.
  6. Shaping the climate of the spaces outside and around the building.

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