SECOND PART - Individual and social rights
Article 24: (Protection of the environment)
** 1. The protection of the natural and cultural environment is an obligation of the State and the right of everyone. In order to safeguard it, the State is obliged to take particular preventive or repressive measures in the context of the principle of sustainability. The law provides for the protection of forests and forests. The drafting of a tariff is an obligation of the State. It is forbidden to change the destination of forests and forests, unless the farming or other uses which are in the public interest are necessary for the national economy.
** 2. The spatial restructuring of the country, the formation, development, planning and expansion of cities and residential areas in general are subject to the regulatory responsibility and control of the State, in order to serve the functionality and development of the settlements and to ensure the best strong living conditions.
The relevant technical choices and weightings are made according to the rules of science. The compilation of a national land registry is an obligation of the State.
3. In order for a site to be recognized as residential and to be activated for urban development, the properties included therein shall be compulsorily provided, without compensation by the entity concerned, to the disposal of the land necessary to create roads, squares and spaces for general public use. and the expenses, as well as the expenses for the execution of the basic communal planning works, as required by law.
4. The law may provide for the participation of landowners designated as residential in the utilization and general arrangement of the property in accordance with an approved plan, subject to the consideration of equitable estates or parts of the property by floor, from the areas ultimately designated as buildable or buildings in the area. her.
5. The provisions of the preceding paragraphs shall also apply to the refurbishment of existing residential areas. Free land, resulting from the redevelopment, is allocated for the creation of public spaces or disposed of to cover the costs of urban redevelopment, as required by law.
6. Monuments, traditional sites and traditional elements are protected by the State. The law will lay down the restrictive measures necessary for the realization of such protection, as well as the manner and type of compensation to the owners.
** Interpretative statement: Forest or forest ecosystem means the organic set of woody plants on the necessary surface of the soil, which, together with the co-existing flora and fauna, constitute through their interdependence and interplay, forest community) and particular natural environment (forestry). Forests exist when in the above set wild woody vegetation, high or shrubby, is sparse.
** Two asterisks indicate the points of the Review listed in the Resolution of April 6, 2001 of the Hellenic Parliament's 3rd Review.